List of transitional words and phrases for essays

While this is not an exhaustive list, it will gives you a sense of the many transitional words and phrases that you can choose from, and demonstrate the need to choose the one that most effectively conveys your meaning. They help create coherence.

Transition & Linking Words in English - Advanced Writing & IELTS Vocabulary & Grammar

When transitions are missing or inappropriate, the reader has a hard time following the logic and development of ideas. Skip to content Increase Font Size.

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Are you using an example to develop your idea? The type of transition words or phrases you use depends on the category of transition you need, as explained below.


Follow each transition word or phrase with a comma:. Adversative transitions are used to signal conflict, contradiction, concession, and dismissal says Michigan State University.

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Examples include:. Causal transitions—also called cause-and-effect transitions—show how certain circumstances or events were caused by other factors, says Academic Help.

Transition Word & Phrases to Write Exceptional Essays - TeacherVision

The website that offers assistance with academic writing adds: "They causal transitions make it easier for the reader to follow the logic of the arguments and clauses represented in paper. Sequential transitions express a numerical sequence, continuation, conclusion , digression , resumption, or summation, says Michigan State, which gives these examples:. Introductory words and phrases are distinct from coordinating conjunctions and , but , for , nor , or , so , yet , which are used to bridge two independent clauses within a single sentence rather than two separate sentences.

These conjunctions should not be placed at the beginning of a sentence in formal writing.

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Below are several examples of transitional words and phrases that are frequently used in academic writing, including potential replacements for common informal terms:. To learn more about the special usage of the italicized terms in the table, please see our post on introductory phrases. Keep in mind that transitions that are similar in meaning are not necessarily interchangeable such as in conclusion and thus.

Transition Words and Phrases

A few other transitional words may be particularly helpful when writing lists or describing sequential processes, such as in the methods section of a research paper: next , then , meanwhile , first , second , third , and finally. In sum, transitions are small additions that can substantially improve the flow of your ideas. We hope that this editing tip will help you to integrate effective transitions into your writing. Writing with Transitions. In academic papers, introductory clauses are often used to emphasize the relationships between the ideas presented in two sentences or within a paragraph.