Letter from birmingham jail essay introduction

This provides an ideal example where Luther appeals to logos in his work. The author requests the reader to consider the presented facts after which he quotes an old black woman who states that her feet are tired but her soul is at rest. He says that though the elderly woman is uneducated, she knows her cause of suffering is because of the inequity and discrimination in society. Luther by this implies that one does not have to be very to realize the inequity in society.

He states that the south is experiencing periods of tension because of because the white moderators do not acknowledge the law, which he argues, is in place to help in the creation and maintenance of justice.

Analysis of Martin Luther King’s Letter from Birmingham Jail

Other than logos, Martin Luther also communicates ethos in his letter. Ethos is experienced frequently in the letter. For instance, it is seen in the first argument, when he alleges that he aims to conflict the views brought forward together with the declarations made by the white clergyman. In the following paragraph, Luther ascertains his sincerity when he counters the view put forward by the white clergymen.

Martin Luther King's Letter from Birmingham Jail Essay

The fact the Luther is the leader of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference helps create and confirm his integrity. Luther appeals to ethos by referring to the statements and views of the clergymen when presenting his opposing views. Martin Luther uses logos to bring the different parts of his letter together. Logos is one of the strongest appeals in the letter. Ethos is critical as it helps and ensures that the reader establishes trust and confidence on the writer. Martin Luther makes use of his experiences and the characters he has encountered in his live to writing his letter.

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For instance, Luther refers to St. Augustine who says that an unjust law is no law at all. He also refers to Paul in the Bible when he states that like Paul, he must react to the Macedonian call for help. In addition, he also refers to a number of his experiences. This brings out Martin Luther as a caring person ready to help society.


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In addition to the two, Luther also appeals to pathos in the writing of his essay. It helps in the establishment emotions in the letter. The letter has great emotional appeal brought up by a number of issues discussed by Martin Luther.


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Luther uses vivid description and details, which help the reader, understand the occurrences, experience and emotions that result because of the segregation in the society. The appeal to pathos helps enhance communication between the author and the reader. Pathos helps arouse emotions in the reader. The part is filled with a lot of emotion more so because of the actions the police.

Martin Luther describes instances when the police let dogs on members of the public and occasions when they are very brutal in their treatment of the people.

Police dogs are used in the attack members of the black community members engaged in the peaceful protests. Luther states that the treatment of Negroes in the prison is very inhumane. He states that they are beaten up and denied food whenever they demand to say the grace or pray together with their white counter parts.

Luther makes use of metaphorical language, which helps the reader establish a connection between common occurrences and exceptional experiences. The language helps illustrate the kind of life experienced by the black community.

How to SOAPSTone "Letter from Birmingham Jail" AP Langauge English High School

He also makes a bright appeal to ethos and pathos but their effectiveness is limited by a number of inconsistencies in the letter. Logos, which Luther uses to bind and connect the different parts of the story, forms the strongest and most effective appeal. There are times when the author combines both Logos and Pathos in the writing of the letter. References made by the author on Jesus Christ and Saint Paul helps illustrate that Christianity is the dominant religion in the society. This helps develop his logic that direct action is necessary. As earlier stated, Luther uses his experiences, knowledge and perspective to illustrate the troubles of the Black community.

By using logos, ethos and pathos, he is able to build trust and confidence in the reader, which helps him influence the actions of his readers. Works Cited. Hahn, L. The letter discusses the great injustices happening toward the Black community in Birmingham and although it is primarily aimed at the clergymen King writes the letter for all to read.

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Children ripped apart from their families, not being able to socialize with certain people, or even go to the local amusement park. It was a hard time to be a colored person, and there was one hope. Martin Luther King, Jr. King tried to do what he believed was right with everything in his will to finally join forces and not be talked down on by whites. King wrote the letter in a way that he agreed with his critics, nonetheless still using their words against them in logic harmony.

The letter argued that people have a moral responsibility to break unjust and unethical laws. The letter also stresses themes of unity among brothers in order to overcome racism. I have studied about.

King's style of writing gives the reader a clear glimpse into the world with which he struggled and allows his letter to be powerfully effective. In the introductory paragraph, King introduces his reason for writing the letter and details who the audience is to be. He explains that he rarely answers criticisms. He explains in the letter how the city of Birmingham has gone through all the nonviolent campaigns and that it proves that their is serious racial injustice.

The reason why so many people were complaining. In April , the city of Birmingham, Alabama, was caught in the midst of massive civil rights protests.